Iron Deficiency Anaemia

In our research we found that Iron Deficiency Anaemia is a silent killer in the world. Iron Deficiency Anaemia is defined as a low blood haemoglobin concentration, where its main function is to carry oxygen from the lungs to the tissues of the body.

Iron Deficiency causes lots of health problems leading to depression, poor communication, less productivity, poor mortality, immature death etc. This is really alarming situation and intensive measurements is not seen to solve the issue! WHO, Governments and NGOs are wooing from every sources available!


  • About 60% of female are anaemic in India.
  • 50% of premature death happens due to anaemia.
  • 23% of disability in India happens due to anaemia.
  • About 2 billion are anaemic in the world.
  • 50% of Pregnant ladies are anaemic
  • 50% children under age of 2 are anaemic.
  • 40% school going children are anaemic.
  • 30%-55% Adolescents are anaemic.
  • 35% of non pregnant women are anaemic.
  • Planning, Pregnant and lactating women need additional intake of iron.
  • In vegetarian the absorption of iron is very low as 1-15%.
  • Non vegetarian has absorption of 1-45%.
  • It is affected in all countries including developed countries.
  • Undeveloped and developing countries are worst affected.
  • 21 out of 36 states in India is facing the challenge
  • Iron deficiency is the most common and widespread nutritional disorder in the world.
  • 4% of GDP is lost due to anaemia in India.
  • Physical, mental and social disturbances happen in anaemic individuals.
  • Anaemia also causes depression.
  • Anaemia causes impaired cognitive and physical performance, and increased maternal and child mortality.
  • In any health issue Hb level find to be first villain and most of the doctors prefer to begin with Hb level investigation.

If IDA goes untreated:

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Heart palpitations
  • Shortness of breath
  • Serious complications like Left Ventricular Hypertrophy, Insomnia, Paving way to further complications and even Death.



  • Heavy menstrual cycle.
  • Decrease RBC production
  • Lack of minerals in the body.
  • Low intake of iron rich foods.
  • Low Iron absorption of the body.
  • Lack of nutritional food awareness.
  • Bleeding due to piles, ulcers, accidents, delivery and PCOD etc
  • Frequent blood donation.
  • Malaria also causes Anaemia through the malarial parasite which destroys Erythrocytes.
  • Digestive conditions such as Crohn’s disease or surgical removal of part of the stomach or small intestine.
  • Certain drugs, food, specially junk food, smoking, drinking and even caffeinated drinks inhibits iron absorption.

Types of anaemia:

  1. Iron deficiency anaemia
  2. Sickle cell anaemia
  3. Bone marrow and stem cell problems
  4. Vitamin deficiency anaemia
  5. Aplastic anaemia
  6. Haemolytic anaemia
  7. Pernicious anaemia
  8. Fanconi anaemia
  9. Thalassemia